What are chlamydia and gonorrhea?
Chlamydia and gonorrhea are bacterial infections spread through sexual contact— including anal, oral, or vaginal sex—as well as contact that doesn’t involve penetration. Both STDs commonly appear in the throat, anus, penis, or vagina.
What are the symptoms?
Most people who have chlamydia or gonorrhea don’t show any symptoms—and if they do, the symptoms can appear either very quickly or within a few weeks.
But—and this is important—you don’t need to show symptoms to pass on chlamydia or gonorrhea. You also don’t need to show symptoms to get tested.
The list of symptoms for the two STDs chlamydia and gonorrhea are similar. Here are just a few:
- A burning sensation when you pee.
- Abnormal and/or discolored discharge from the penis or vagina.
- A sore throat after performing oral sex.
- Abnormal discharge, pain, and/or bleeding in the rectum.
- Abnormal swelling in the testicles and/or scrotum.
- Pain while ejaculating.
How do I get tested?
There is no reliable blood test that can detect the presence of chlamydia or gonorrhea, which means samples must be taken from the parts of your body where the infection might live.
For example, if you performed oral sex, make sure your doctor swabs your throat. If you bottomed for anal sex, that means a swab of your anus—and so on. (Although there is a swab for the penis, your doctor will most likely test a sample of urine.)
This is why it’s absolutely essential to tell your doctor about every part of your body that may have come in contact with chlamydia, gonorrhea, or any other STD.